Question 3. Is earlier initiation of training associated with earlier completion?
Click on the following link to view some data from a white suburban upper-middle-class population.
Figure 1. Mean and 95% confidence interval for age at completion of toilet training based on age at initiation of intensive training. (From Blum et al. Pediatrics 2003)
So, the earlier toilet training is started, the earlier it is completed. However…
Figure 2. Mean and 95% confidence interval for duration of intensive toilet training based on age at initiation of intensive training. (From Blum et al. Pediatrics 2003)
…the earlier training starts, the longer it takes.
The authors of this study also examined the subgroup of children <27 months old and concluded that in this subgroup does not seem to benefit from earlier training.
Question 4: Toilet training involves sequential acquisition of a number of readiness skills which typically develop at different ages. What are some key readiness skills?